TRACFIRE - Fires and domestic burning : what's the impact on the western Mediterranean Sea

TRACking Fires and domestIc buRning using carbon isotopEs over the western Mediterranean Sea

 

Responsible : Christos Panagiotopoulos - MIO

Participants au projet : Jérôme Balesdent (INRA-CEREGE), Edouard Bard (CEREGE), Amel Nouara

Funded by OT-MED LABEX

 

TRACFIRE aims to assess the origin and the age of burning biomass tracers such as anhydrosugars using wet chemistry and compound specific isotopic measurements (d13C, D14C) on individual molecules (levoglucosan) emitted from domestic burning, fires or other biogenic sources and are important contributors to the carbonaceous fraction of the airborne particles.

The same analyses will be performed in the surface seawater (high molecular weight dissolved organic matter) to assess the origin of levoglucosan (d13C evoglucosan terrestrial vs marine ?) and provide evidence about its eventual transport from land to sea.

To do so we will perform successive sample purifications employing cation exchange preparative chromatography to produce pure monosaccharide targets (levoglucosan and other related carbohydrate compounds) for subsequent molecular level isotopic analyses.

Molecular 13 C and 14C analyses will be performed using an EA-IRMS and EA-AixMICADAS, respectively (facilities available at the CEREGE).

Results

The obtained results revealed that for the marine particulate organic matter (POM) sample, the δ13C values of the individual carbohydrates ranged from −18.5 to −16.8‰, except for levoglucosan and mannosan, which presented values of −27.2  and −26.2‰, respectively.

For the total suspended atmopsheric particle (TSP) sample, the δ13C values ranged from −26.4 to −25.0‰. The galactose and glucose D14C values were 19 and 43‰, respectively, for the POM sample. On the other hand, the levoglucosan radiocarbon value was 33‰ for the TSP sample.

These results suggest that these carbohydrates exhibit a modern age in both of these samples, whereas the presence of  levoglucosan and mannosan in the POM sample points toward a terrestrial origin for these carbohydrates.